Interfacing LDR Sensor with Arduino | LDR Sensor Arduino Code for Digital Output

Hello friends! Welcome back to ElectroDuino. This tutorial is base on the Interfacing LDR Sensor module with Arduino and LDR Sensor Arduino Code for Digital Output. After understanding the “LDR sensor module | How it’s Works” in the previous blog. Here we will discuss how to use the LDR Sensor module with Arduino, Circuit diagram, Digital data read Arduino Code. Also, we will learn how to make a dark & light detector project using the LDR sensor module and Arduino.

Introduction

Interfacing the LDR Sensor module with Arduino a first step to understanding how to use an IR sensor in different projects. This basic blog tutorial helps us to understand how to connect the LDR sensor module with Arduino, how to reads output data from the sensor using Arduino programming/code, and print the output value on Serial Monitor Window of IDE. Here we will make a basic project, how to make a dark & light detector project using the LDR sensor module and Arduino. 

Components Required

Components NameQuantity
Arduino UNO ((you can use other types of Arduino like Arduino NANO, MEGA, pro mini, etc)1
LDR Sensor Module1
Red LED1
Green LED1
220ohm Resistor2
Breadboard1
Connecting wiresAs required in the circuit diagram

LDR Sensor Module or Photoresistor sensor Pin Diagram

Digital/Analog LDR Sensor Module Pinout Pin Diagram
LDR Sensor Module Pinout Pin Diagram

How to use LDR Sensor with Arduino

First of all, we connected the Vcc pin to the Arduino 5v pin and the GND pin is connected to the Arduino ground (GND) pin. The digital output pin is connected to the Arduino digital pin to read the digital output value from the LDR sensor module.

LDR Sensor with Arduino Circuit diagram for Digital Output

Arduino LDR Sensor Module Circuit Diagram for Digital Output

Circuit Wiring

Components PinArduino Pin
IR sensor Vcc Pin+ 5v Pin
IR sensor GND PinGND (ground) pin
IR sensor OUT PinDigital pin “D2”

Arduino Code for Read Digital Output

Now we need to write a few lines of code in Arduino IDE Software. We will use the “digitalRead()” function in the Arduino program to read the sensor output. Also, we will print the sensor output data on the Serial monitor of the Arduino IDE.

Sensor Output on Serial monitor

When the sensor detects light then the output goes LOW (0) and when the sensor detects Darkness then the output goes HIGH(1).

LDR Sensor Output on Serial Monitor Window
LDR Sensor Output on Serial Monitor Window

Dark & Light Detector

In this part, we will learn how to make a dark & light detector project using the LDR sensor module and Arduino. Here the LDR sensor used to detect light and dark. We have used 2 colors of LEDs, the Red LED is used to indicate Darkness and the green LED is used to indicate Light. This system is controlled by Arduino.

Arduino LDR Sensor Circuit diagram for Digital Output

Dark & Light Detector using Arduino LDR Sensor Circuit Diagram
Dark & Light Detector using Arduino LDR Sensor Circuit Diagram

Circuit Wiring

Components PinArduino Pin
Sensor Vcc pin+ 5v Pin
Sensor GND pinGND (ground) pin
LDR sensor  DO (Digital Out) pinDigital pin D2
LED1 (Green) positive terminalDigital pin D5
LED1 (Green) negative terminalGND pin through the 220ohm resistor.
LED2 (Red) positive terminalDigital pin D4
LED2 (Red) positive terminalGND pin through the 220ohm resistor.

How the LDR Sensor Works as a Dark & Light Detector

In this circuit, the Sensor digital output pin is connected to the Arduino digital pin “D2”. The LDR sensor gives logic LOW (0) as digital output when light falls on the surface of the LDR, and it will give logic HIGH (1) digital output when no light falls on the surface of the LDR.

The LED1 (Green) and LED2 (Red) are uses as indicators, where the LED1 (Green) indicates and the LED2(Red) indicates the dark.

This project works using simple Logic.

That is If Arduino reads HIGH(1) data from the sensor output pin, LED2(Red) will turn ON, and LED1(Green) will turn OFF, it means that it is dark. Else if Arduino reads LOW(0) data from the sensor output pin, LED1(Green) will turn ON, and LED2(Red) will turn OFF, It means that it is Light.

These logics will be implemented by the Arduino program.

Dark & Light Detector Arduino Code

Output

  • When light falls on the surface of the LDR, then LED1(Green) will turn ON, and LED2(Red) will turn OFF, It means that it is Light.
  • When no light falls on the surface of the LDR, then LED2(Red) will turn ON, and LED1(Green) will turn OFF, It means that it is dark.

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