DC Voltage Doubler Circuit using NE555 Timer IC

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Hello friends! Welcome back to ElectroDuino. This blog is based on the DC Voltage Doubler Circuit using NE555 Timer IC. Here we will discuss Introduction to DC Voltage Doubler Circuit, Project Concept, Block Diagram, components required, circuit diagram, working principle.

Introduction

The Voltage Doubler is one type of electronic circuit, it gives output voltage which is equal to twice of the input voltage. This circuit is very useful when a higher voltage is needed out of a single lower voltage power supply. For example, many times, we need 10 volt power input in our projects, but if we have 5 volt power supply, in this condition we can use this circuit in our project to fulfill your requirements. This Voltage Doubler circuit input voltage stays between 3v to 12v and it generates output voltage approx 6v to 20v. 

Project Concept

This is a very simple project. The key components of this project are the NE555 Timer IC, Diode, and Capacitor. We can divide the circuit into two parts, the first part consist of the NE555 time IC, which generates the square wave, and the second part consists of 2 diodes and 2 capacitors to double the output voltage. This circuit generates the output voltage by the charging and discharging of the capacitor through the diodes.

DC Voltage Doubler Circuit using NE555 Timer IC Block Diagram

Voltage Doubler Circuit using NE555 Timer IC Block Diagram
Voltage Doubler Circuit using NE555 Timer IC Block Diagram

Components Required

Components NameQuantity
NE555 timer IC1
1N4007 Diode2
470 µf Capacitor2
0.01µF Capacitor2
10k ohm Resistors1
33k ohm Resistors1
3V to 12v Power Supply1
PCB board1
Connecting WireAs required in the circuit diagram

 

Tools Required

Tools NameQuantity
Soldering Iron1
Soldering wire1
Soldering flux1
Soldering stand1
Multimeter1
Desoldering pump1
Wirecutter1

DC Voltage Doubler Circuit Diagram

NE555 Timer IC Voltage Doubler Circuit Diagram
NE555 Timer IC Voltage Doubler Circuit Diagram

Working Principle of DC Voltage Doubler Circuit using NE555 Timer IC

In this project, the NE555 timer IC configured in Astable multivibrator mode, in this mode this IC generates the square wave of approx 2KHz frequency. This output frequency is set by the resistor R1, R2, and capacitor C1.This output frequency set using the below formula:

F = 1.44 / (R1+2*R2) * C1

When the timer IC output (PIN 3) of 555 is low, this time the Diode D1 gets forward biased, and the capacitor C3 gets charged through this Diode (D1). Then this capacitor (C3) gets charged up to the same voltage of the input voltage (6v). When the timer IC output (PIN 3) of 555 becomes High, this time the Diode D1 gets reverse biased and blocks the discharging of the capacitor C3. But at the same time, D2 is forward biased and the capacitor C4 gets charged through this Diode (D2).
Now the output voltage of this circuit is equal to the capacitor C4 charges with the combined voltage of Capacitor C3  (6v) and the input voltage (6v), it means the circuit output is 6v of capacitor C3 and 6v of input supply voltage, so it charges up to 12v (twice the voltage of input source).

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3 thoughts on “DC Voltage Doubler Circuit using NE555 Timer IC

  • 6 December 2020 at 4:09 pm
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    I don’t see the block diagram nor the circuit diagram. The project is useless without one or both of these.

    Reply
    • 7 December 2020 at 1:28 pm
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      sorry, the blog was not complete back then. Now it’s totally updated. Please do visit and check them out. Also, check the other blog post on this website. Thanks for visiting

      Reply
  • 7 December 2020 at 3:00 pm
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    Much better!! Thanks. Premature blogging gets one every time.

    Reply

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